Filed under: Energia odnawialna, gaz, Paliwa, patent | Tagi: paliwo z CO2, patent, Prof. Nazimek
Rozwiązanie Profesora Nazimka polega na oświetlaniu mieszaniny wody i dwutlenku węgla, która w obecności odpowiedniego katalizatora przekształca się w alkohol metylowy, który z kolei w tak zwanym procesie MTG zmienia się w benzynę nadającą się do naszych samochodów. Krytyczna opinia Prof. dr hab. inż. Janusz Płocharski na łamach Gazety Wyborczej
STAN TECHNIKI WG.PATENTÓW I ZGŁOSZEŃ PATENTOWYCH
Patent USA 7,396,603
Twórcy: Farooque; Mohammad (Danbury, CT), Jahnke; Fred C. (Rye, NY)
Firma: FuelCell Energy, Inc. (Danbury, CT)
Tytuł: Integrated high efficiency fossil fuel power plant/fuel cell system with CO.sub.2 emissions abatement
An integrated power production system including a fossil fuel power plant for processing fossil based fuel such as coal or natural gas arranged in tandem with a carbonate fuel cell having an anode and a cathode section. The flue gas of the power plant serves exclusively as the inlet gas for the cathode section of the fuel cell. Anode exhaust gas leaving the anode section of the fuel cell is subjected to processing including sequestration of the carbon dioxide in the exhaust gas.
Patent USA 7,393,876
Twórcy : White; James H. (Boulder, CO), Taylor; Jesse W. (Westminster, CO)
Firma: Eltron Research, Inc. (Boulder, CO)
Tytuł: Fischer-tropsch catalysts
Catalyst compositions and methods for F-T synthesis which exhibit high CO conversion with minor levels (preferably less than 35% and more preferably less than 5%) or no measurable carbon dioxide generation. F-T active catalysts are prepared by reduction of certain oxygen deficient mixed metal oxides. [Fischer-Tropsch]
Patent USA 7,371,560
Twórcy: Hankamer; Ben (Kenmore, AU), Kruse; Olaf (Bielefeld, DE)
Firma: University of Queensland (Brisbane, AU)
Tytuł : Photosynthetic hydrogen production
A process for the production of hydrogen, comprising the steps of: (i) providing a photosynthetic microorganism having electron transfer capability through a photosynthetic light reaction pathway and through a respiratory electron transfer chain involving an oxidative phosphorylation pathway, and which expresses a hydrogenase, wherein regulation of the oxidative phosphorylation pathway is disrupted with the result that electron flow along the respiratory electron transfer chain toward cytochrome oxidase (complex IV) is reduced; ii) culturing the microorganism under microoxic and illuminated conditions; and (iii) collecting evolved hydrogen.
Patent USA 6,992,113
Twórcy : O’Rear; Dennis J. (Petaluma, CA), Kibby; Charles L. (Benicia, CA)
Firma: Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (San Ramon, CA)
Tytuł: Control of CO.sub.2 emissions from a fischer-tropsch facility by use of dual functional syngas conversion
CO.sub.2 emissions from syngas conversion processes are reduced by use of a multi-stage Fischer-Tropsch reaction system. A process for the conversion of syngas using a Fischer-Tropsch reactor comprises forming a first syngas and reacting at least a portion of the first syngas in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to form a first hydrocarbonaceous product and a second syngas. The second syngas is mixed with a hydrogen-containing stream to provide an adjusted syngas, at least a portion of which is reacted in a dual functional syngas conversion reactor to form a second hydrocarbonaceous product and a third syngas comprising a reduced amount of CO.sub.2 than was present in the adjusted syngas.
Patent USA 3959094
Tytuł Electrolytic synthesis of methanol from CO2
Twórca Steinberg, Meyer (Huntington Station, NY)
A method and system for synthesizing methanol from the CO2 in air using electric power. The CO2 is absorbed by a solution of KOH to form K2 CO3 which is electrolyzed to produce methanol, a liquid hydrocarbon fuel.
Patent Ukraina 30610
Twórcy: Bołotov Boris Wasiłowicz , Mordkowicz Waldemar, Bołotova Helli, Bołotov Maksym , Bołotov Ilarion
Firma БОЛОТОВ БОРИС ВАСИЛЬОВИЧ (UA); МОРДКОВИЧ ВАЛЬДЕМАР ГЕНРІХОВИЧ (UA)
Tytul СПОСІБ ПЕРЕТВОРЕННЯ ВУГЛЕКИСЛОГО ГАЗУ
Method for carbon dioxide conversion comprises air separation and discharging gas component from it, and its mixing with water structure, formation of the atomic converting system of water medium in the presence of catalyst and its following catalysis in the reactor. Gas component is introduced into the water structure in the form of carbon oxides, in particular carbon dioxide CO2 or carbon oxide CO.
The patent application, „A Biocatalytic Process and System to Transform Carbon Dioxide into Methanol,” was submitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office on February 17, 2009. This first patent application details a complete Process Flow Diagram („PFD”) for a system that takes
CO2 directly from a large emitter, such as a coal-fired power plant, and Transforms it into methanol, a low level fuel, using Carbon Sciences’ proprietary biocatalytic process.
Załacznikiem jest patent Polaka inż Waldemara Mordkowicza zgłoszony na UKRAINIE
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